Which programming languages will dominate in the coming years? The list here does not claim to be exclusive. We just selected five programming languages that can show very good results, based on current trends in data analytics and the mobile operating system.
The Kotlin programming language is experiencing a very steep growth, turning from a little-known project into a “first-class” language for Android development. By making every subsequent Android SDK more Kotlin friendly, Google has made it clear that it welcomes the development of Android apps in this language.
A recent study by Pusher found that 79.5% of developers using Kotlin use it for Android, and 31% use backend/servers. At the same time, 30.5% interact with Kotlin regarding libraries, and 5.5% use it in “other” activities.
Google’s support and obvious developer interest mean Kotlin has a very solid foundation to expand over the coming years. And while Google’s plans for its future operating systems are unclear (Fuchsia, that’s a hint!), Kotlin can play a big part in those plans. Given Google’s worldwide distribution of a programming language, this means an inevitable take-off.
A few years ago, Apple decided to replace Objective-C, which had been building applications for the Apple ecosystem for decades, with a new programming language designed to address Objective-C’s shortcomings.
In the past, experts have tried to portray Objective-C and Swift as competitive in the language market, but it is now clear that Swift is the winner in this race. Proof of this is the huge official support from Apple for this language.
But this does not mean that Objective-C will completely leave the scene shortly. After all, there are a large number of legacy codes that need to be maintained. But Swift is likely to become the backbone of Apple programming over the coming years. It will write software for a huge number of devices (including macOS, iOS and watchOS).
Many people like Rust. This year, for example, Stack Overflow’s annual survey called it the “favourite programming language” – it outperformed Kotlin in this ranking. This means that developers want to use it more than other languages.
What is behind all this love? Rust is open source, it implements an “intelligent” memory model (no null or hanging pointers, and racing conditions). In this language, the exact syntax is similar to C and C ++. It is elegant, friendly to inexperienced users and applicable to web and operating systems. What’s there not to love?
In other words, there is a reason to believe that in the coming years, Rust will become a real monster. But it may take some time before it becomes a competitor to C and C ++ in terms of its market penetration: so far, it hasn’t even made it into the top 20 of TIOBE.
While MATLAB will not at this time and in the foreseeable future displace programming languages such as Java, C or Python from the first rows of different ratings, this programming language is undergoing constant growth. For example, in the recent issue of the TIOBE index, it rose from 17th to 13th.
What caused this growth? This language is used in data analysis, it interacts quite well with popular languages such as Python, Fortran and Java. And as more companies use data analytics in their work, MATLAB can occupy a very large niche in the market.
Yes, Python for sure. It is very popular and is used in many different platforms.